Parts of A Bike – Bicycle parts list

Last Updated on July 24, 2022 by Michael Rogers

Parts of a Bike

Getting to Know the Parts of a Bike

It’s important to know the names of the parts of a bike and understand their functions.

This can save you a lot of money and time when you need to fix your bike or want to buy a new part or accessory.

In this article, you’ll get to know the essential components of your bike and how they work.

Bike Part Names

Bike Part Names
Feel free to download this Bike Parts Infographic for your reference.

Here’s a list of bike part names, so you can know what your bike consists of.

I’ll break down all parts of a bike in greater detail later.

Frame parts

  • Top tube
  • Head tube
  • Down tube
  • Seat tube
  • Seat stays
  • Chainstays

Seat parts

  • Saddle
  • Seat post

Wheel parts

  • Hub
  • Rims
  • Tires
  • Spokes

Gear parts

  • Chainset
  • Front derailleur
  • Rear derailleur
  • Cassette
  • Jockey wheel
  • Gear shifter
  • Chain

Brakes

  • Brake pads
  • Calipers
  • Cables
  • Brake lever

Handlebar & Fork

Bicycle Frame Parts

Bicycle Frame Parts
Man holding blue bike frame.

Bike Frame

The frame is the foundation of the bike, and the parts of bicycle frame listed below give your bike frame its strength. There are many different parts of a bicycle, and the bike frame holds all the components of the bicycle together. There are several frame styles. The diamond frame is the most common frame style and it consists of six tubes.

Bike Frame Parts

Top Tube

The top tube or the crossbar is the horizontal tube of the frame that attaches the head tube with the seat tube.

It’s the tube that you step over when you get on the bike.

Head Tube

The Head tube is the short tube found at the front of the bike. This connects to the handlebars at the top and the fork at the bottom.

Down Tube

This is what gives the bicycle its rigidity. It’s the longest and thickest tube of the frame. It connects the head tube at the front with the pedals at the bottom of the bike.

Seat Tube

It’s the upright tube where you insert the seat post. When you adjust the height of the seat, you adjust how deep the seat post descends into the seat tube.

Seat Stays

These are two thinner tubes that connect the top of the seat tube with the rear wheel hub.

Chain Stays

These are two thinner tubes that run alongside the bike chain parallel to the ground. These tubes connect the rear wheel hub with the crank mechanism.

Bicycle Seat Parts

Bicycle Seat Parts
Saddle

Now that we know what the seat stay and seat tube are, we move on to the seat parts.

Saddle

Of all the different parts of a bicycle, the saddle (aka the bike seat) is considered by many to be one of the most important parts of any bicycle!

The bicycle seat is actually what we call the saddle of the bike. The bicycle saddle comes in many shapes & sizes. The bike saddle has evolved over the years from a simple bike part to one of the main quality factors of a bicycle’s comfort.


Under the saddle, you’ll find the saddle rails which attach the saddle to the seat post via the saddle clamp.

Seat Post

The seat post inserts into the seat tube and adjusts the height of the saddle. The seat post clamp on top of the seat tube tightens to keep the seat post at your desired height.

Bike Wheel Parts

Bike Wheel Parts
Bike wheels with knobby tires

The bike wheel consists of four parts.

  • Hub
  • Rim
  • Spokes
  • Tires

More details of each part below.

wheel parts names

Hub

The hub is the core of the wheel. It consists of these three components:

  • Shell
  • Bearings
  • Axle

The axel is the part that attaches the hub with the frame, while the hub shell is where the spokes protrude from. The bearing is the part between the axel and the shell.

Rim

The rims are the outer part of the wheels on which the tires are mounted.

Spokes

The spokes are those thin metal tubes that connect the rim to the hub. Their job is to apply even pressure in all directions. This allows the wheel to support your weight and the force you’re applying while you ride.

The spokes connect to the rim through nipples. You tighten or loosen the nipples to adjust the spoke tension.

Tires

The tires are the part that come in contact with the road’s surface. They’re mounted on the wheel rim.

Usually, bicycle tires contain an inner tube that are filled with air through a valve.

Bicycle Gear Parts

Bicycle Gear Parts
Bike Gear Parts

These are the parts that allow you to switch gears.

Crankset / Chainset

The crankset consists of two parts: chainrings and crank arms.

These two parts are responsible for turning the rear wheel through pedaling.

The crankset and chainring are attached to the frame at the bottom bracket, which then attach to the rear wheel cassette through the chain.

The front gears of the bike are the chainrings. If your bike has one gear, then there will be one chainring.

If you have a multi-geared bike, you can have up to three chainrings.

Pedals

The pedals attach to the crankset at the ends of the crank arms.

Front Derailleur

This is only available on geared bikes. It allows the chain to move from one chainring to another when you shift gears.

Cassette

The cassette is a collection of gears attached to the rear wheel. It consists of different-sized sprockets that make up the rear gears on a geared bike.

Rear Derailleur

The rear derailleur does the same job as the front derailleur. But it moves the chain from one cassette cog to another when you shift gears.

Jockey Wheel

The jockey wheel applies tension to the chain to keep it moving smoothly as you switch gears. It may also be available in single geared bikes.

Gear Shifter

The gear shifter is a hand lever attached to the handlebar. This allows you to shift gears via a cable that moves the derailleurs.

Bicycle Brakes

Bicycle Brakes
Bicycle Disc Brake

The traditional bike brake system consists of the following:

  • Brake pads
  • Calipers
  • Cables
  • Brake lever

How the Brakes Work

  1. You pull on the brake lever
  2. The brake lever pulls on the brake cable
  3. The brake cable pulls on the brake calipers, causing the brake pads to squeeze the disc or rims, which stops the bike.

Bicycle Handlebar

Bicycle handlebar
Bike Handlebar

The handlebar is what you hold onto and use to steer the bike. They come in different styles.

The handlebar runs through the end of the stem, which is what connects them to the frame. The handlebar is one of the components of the headset.

The headset sits inside the head tube and it allows the bike to rotate when you rotate the handlebars. The parts of a bike handlebar are also commonly referred to as the bike’s cockpit.

Bicycle Fork

Bicycle Fork

The fork of the bike is the tube that connects the front wheel to the frame.
The fork consists of two parts:

  1. Fork blades
  2. Steerer tube

At the bottom of the fork, you’ll find the fork blades. They connect the front wheel with the head tube.
The steerer tube rests inside the head tube connecting the headset.

Bicycle Chain

Bicycle Chain

Most of us know the bike chain, but do you know what it does?

The chain is in charge of moving the rear wheel. It loops around the chainrings of the chainset and the cogs of the cassette.

What Are Bike Parts Made Of?

Various bike parts can be made of different materials.

The frame is usually made of steel, aluminum alloy.

More expensive bike frames are made of carbon fiber or titanium.

  • Steel is the cheapest and also the heaviest, so professional cyclists try to stay away from it.
  • Aluminum is light and inexpensive, but it doesn’t provide the best ride experience.
  • Carbon fiber and titanium are the best materials. They’re light and durable, but expensive. High-end bikes are usually made of titanium or carbon fiber.

Other components can also be made of aluminum alloy, carbon fiber, steel, plastic, or nylon.

How Are bike Parts Connected to the Rest of the Bicycle?

How Are bike Parts Connected to the Rest of the Bicycle

The various parts of a bike connect to the bike frame using fitted threaded fasteners.

These fasteners are usually made of steel or other hard metals. Some need to be tightened hand tight only. Others must be snugged down more firmly.

When these metal fasteners become worn, they must be replaced. The rider’s safety depends on all parts of the bike being in good working order.

The frame is the core that connects all the above-listed bike parts. Without it, there wouldn’t be a bike.

Wrap Up!

Now you know all the essential parts of your bike, their names, and their functions.


The frame is the core that connects all the above-listed bike parts. Without it, there wouldn’t be a bike.

We hope you learned a lot!

What’s Next?

Go check out our Guide To Winter Cycling Gear to learn more!

Happy Cycling!

About Informed Cyclist
Michael Rogers
I’m Michael, a cycling fanatic and the founder of Informed Cyclist. I started this site to give back to the sport I love! My mission is to bring the very best cycling advice & know-how to my readers. I hope you enjoy this site as much as I love working on it. I put a lot of heart & effort into it!